Benjamin Tal, CIBC’s Deputy Chief Economist, recently delivered his analysis regarding the Bank of Canada’s monetary policy. He suggested that the Bank’s period of increasing interest rates is likely nearing its conclusion. The key issue now centers around the timing of potential rate cuts. Tal predicts that a reduction in the overnight benchmark rate might be delayed until next summer, aligning with earlier projections by BMO.
Despite expectations for rate decreases in both Canada and the U.S. earlier this year, the Bank of Canada has yet to implement such measures. Following a period of steady rates from January through April, the Bank opted for increases in June and July. Speculation is rife about another hike in their upcoming meeting. Speaking at the 2023 National Mortgage Conference in Toronto, Tal cautioned, “If the Bank of Canada refrains from cutting rates, the consequences could be severe.”
Anticipating a Significant Rate Reduction
Tal discussed the likely future of the overnight target rate, presently at 5.00%. He forecasts a reduction to around 3%, offering a positive outlook on Canada’s economic path. He labelled the 0.25% benchmark rate during the pandemic as a significant underestimation of loan values, advocating that a 3% rate would be more in line with historical norms.
He reassured mortgage brokers about their prospects, even amidst high rates. The ongoing housing demand and inventory shortage ensure that the Canadian interest in real estate persists, despite rising rates. Tal observed the current market’s eagerness and its anticipation for stability.
Bank of Canada’s Approach to Inflation
Tal critiqued the Bank of Canada’s strategy in combating inflation. He suggested that an AI-driven Bank would have stopped rate hikes at around 4.5%. However, the human-led Bank tends to overemphasize the risk of recession compared to the risk of exceeding 2% inflation. He pointed out that inflation data is more reflective of past economic conditions rather than predictive.
Uncertain Times Ahead: Bank of Canada’s Upcoming Decision
Tal commented on the uncertainty within the Bank regarding inflation. He noted that even Governor Tiff Macklem might be unsure about a rate hike decision for their next meeting on Oct. 25.
Perspectives from a Fort McMurray Mortgage Broker on Rate Changes
Tal highlighted the disappearance of financial safety nets for consumers, who are now more dependent on credit due to reduced pandemic savings. He remarked on the high food prices, noting that the Bank of Canada focuses on inflation rates rather than price levels, leaving consumers exposed to sudden interest rate shifts.
He also mentioned the effect of the Bank’s policy on mortgage interest and the consumer price index, noting that despite a 30% increase in mortgage interest payments year-over-year, these are not inflationary but rather have a disinflationary impact.
A Positive Outlook Amidst Uncertainty
Despite the various challenges and uncertainties, Tal remains optimistic. He believes that the peak of the current rate-hike cycle is almost upon us. In his words, “We are very, very close to the end of monetary tightening.”